Flower Guide

Initially this guide displays common flowers of all colors that are blooming right now in our area. Use the selectors to view rare species, to view flowers blooming any time, to restrict the output to a certain color, or to search by name.

The Jemez Mountain Herbarium located at PEEC has a specimen collection of over 1,000 plant species that are found in the Jemez Mountain region. This guide was developed as a subset of this collection to help in the identification of the most prevalent flowering plants in Los Alamos County. Most of the plants shown here are native to the area, though a few were introduced to the region.

Monocot and both simple and composite flowering dicots are covered in this guide. This information is included in each description and potentially makes it easier to identify the different plants.

  • monocot – seed has 1 embryonic leaf; flower parts com in multiples of 3; leaves have parallel veins
  • dicot – seed has 1 embryonic leaves; flower parts com in multiples of 4 or 5; leaves have scattered veins
  • simple flower – single, symmetric flowers; usually 3 to 6 petals that emerge from the flower center
  • composite flower – multiple, tiny flowers arranged on a single base, typically rays around a disc; each tiny flower has its own seed

Most of the plants represented here are classified as forb/herb which are plants without significant woody growth. However, some flowering shrubs and trees have been included. Many of the later can also be found in the PEEC Tree Guide. This guide does not include any noxious weeds from the area. These are covered in the PEEC Invasive Plant Guide.

You can get additional information on local blooms by joining PEEC Wild Plants.  More detailed descriptions can be found in Plants of the Jemez Mountains Volumes 2 and 3, which are available in the PEEC gift shop.

Flower References

American Southwest Plants
Annotated Checklist and Database for Vascular Plants of the Jemez Mountains
Colorado Rocky Mountain Wildflowers
Flora of North America
Foxx, T., Martin, C., and Hoard, D., 2018 Plants of the Jemez Mountains Volume 2: Wildflowers: Showy Monocots and Common Dicots.
Foxx, T., Martin, C., and Hoard, D., 2019 Plants of the Jemez Mountains Volume 3: Composites.
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
National Garden Association
Native Plants Society of New Mexico
New Mexico Flora
Rocky Mountain Flora
Southwest Desert Flora
Wildflowers of the United States
US Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Services
US Forest Service

Subject Area Experts (all guides)

Steve Cary (butterflies)
Beth Cortright (insects)
Terry Foxx (invasive plants)
Leslie Hansen (mammals)
Richard Hansen (fish, mammals)
Dorothy Hoard (butterflies, trees)
Chick Keller (flowers, herbarium)
Shari Kelley (geology)
Kirt Kempter (geology)
Garth Tietjen (reptiles)
David Yeamans (birds)

Web Development and Content Management

Pat Bacha
Jennifer Macke
Graham Mark
Akkana Peck


Please contact us for local nature questions and sightings. We welcome comments, corrections, and additions to our guides.

For more information about local nature, please visit our Nature Blog or subscribe to PEEC This Week.

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Showing 2 of 179 flowers.
Canadian White Violet

Photo: Craig Martin

Canadian White Violet

Photo: Craig Martin

Canadian White Violet, Canada Violet

VICA4 (Viola canadensis)

Family: Violaceae (Violets)
Size: 8 - 16 in (20 - 41 cm)
Growth: forb/herb; perennial
Blooms: May 07 - Jul 12

Flower: simple; white and yellow, potentially streaked with other colors; bilaterally symmetrical; back of the petals may be more highly colored than front
Leaf: dicot; deep green; heart-shaped with rounded teeth
Fruit: oval capsule; initially green but turning brown when ripe

Status: native; common
Habitat: mixed conifer --- foothills, montane, woodlands

Often grows in clumps. The flowers are edible and can be used in a salad or tea. In contrast, other parts of the plant are poisonous.

Info    Photos   Distribution   
Hookedspur Violet

Photo: Krissa Klein

Hookedspur Violet

Photo: Craig Martin

Hookedspur Violet, Blue Violet, Hook Violet; Dog Violet

VIAD (Viola adunca)

Family: Violaceae (Violets)
Size: up to 12 in (30 cm)
Growth: forb/herb; perennial
Blooms: Apr 05 - Jul 12

Flower: simple; blue to purple; single flowers growing on long, thin stems; 5 petals; top 2 may have spurs
Leaf: dicot; heart-shaped; wavy margins
Fruit: hanging ovoid capsule with dark brown seeds

Status: native; common
Habitat: mixed conifer --- woodlands, montane, subalpine, alpine

Scores of flowering plants commonly cover large areas. Often hidden among taller grasses and plants.

Info    Photos   Distribution   
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