Track Guide

This guide initially displays common tracks of all shapes. Use the selectors below to view particular shapes, include rare species, or search by name.

Anything that moves over the ground leaves some sort of marking of its passage. In particular, footprints left behind in soil, snow, mud, or other ground surfaces provide a means of recognizing different species. The illustrations and characteristics listed below highlight key features that can be used to identify the tracks of many of the animals in the area.

Track References

Alderness Wilderness College
Animal Track ID [PDF]
Elbroch, Mark, 2003 Mammal Tracks and Signs: A Guide to North American Species
Lowery, James, 2013 Tracker’s Field Guide. Falcon Guides
Nature Tracking
North Woods Guides
Outdoor Action

Subject Area Experts (all guides)

Steve Cary (butterflies)
Beth Cortright (insects)
Terry Foxx (invasive plants)
Leslie Hansen (mammals)
Richard Hansen (fish, mammals)
Dorothy Hoard (butterflies, trees)
Chick Keller (flowers, herbarium)
Shari Kelley (geology)
Kirt Kempter (geology)
Garth Tietjen (reptiles)
David Yeamans (birds)

Web Development and Content Management

Pat Bacha
Jennifer Macke
Graham Mark
Akkana Peck


Please contact us for local nature questions and sightings. We welcome comments, corrections, and additions to our guides.

For more information about local nature, please visit our Nature Blog or subscribe to PEEC This Week.

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Showing 1 of 29 tracks.
Mule Deer

Drawn based upon National Park Service image

Mule Deer

Photo: ktinsman

Mule Deer

Photo: Nick Trow

Mule Deer

(Odocoileus hemionus)

Family: Cervidae (Ruminants)

Gait: gallop, lope, pronk, trot, walk
Form: dew claws; hoofed toes

Front Foot: 2 toes; 2.0 in (5.1 cm) - 3.2 in (8.1 cm)
Hind Foot: 2 toes; 1.5 in (3.8 cm) - 3.0 in (7.6 cm)

Overall the track forms a heart-shape with pointed toes. The front track is slightly larger than the back.

Scat commonly consists of dimpled pellets in small piles. However, it can be a solid clump.

Mammal Guide - Mule Deer 
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