This guide initially displays common tracks of all shapes. Use the selectors below to view particular shapes, include rare species, or search by name.
Anything that moves over the ground leaves some sort of marking of its passage. In particular, footprints left behind in soil, snow, mud, or other ground surfaces provide a means of recognizing different species. The illustrations and characteristics listed below highlight key features that can be used to identify the tracks of many of the animals in the area.
Alderness Wilderness College
Animal Track ID [PDF]
Elbroch, Mark, 2003 Mammal Tracks and Signs: A Guide to North American Species
Lowery, James, 2013 Tracker’s Field Guide. Falcon Guides
North Woods Guides
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Drawn based upon National Park Service image
Photo: Nick Trow
Mule Deer(Odocoileus hemionus)
Family: Cervidae (Ruminants)
Gait: gallop, lope, pronk, trot, walk
Form: dew claws; hoofed toes
Front Foot: 2 toes; 2.0 in (5.1 cm) - 3.2 in (8.1 cm)
Hind Foot: 2 toes; 1.5 in (3.8 cm) - 3.0 in (7.6 cm)
Overall the track forms a heart-shape with pointed toes. The front track is slightly larger than the back.
Scat commonly consists of dimpled pellets in small piles. However, it can be a solid clump.
Mammal Guide - Mule Deer