Track Guide

This guide initially displays common tracks of all shapes. Use the selectors below to view particular shapes, include rare species, or search by name.

Anything that moves over the ground leaves some sort of marking of its passage. In particular, footprints left behind in soil, snow, mud, or other ground surfaces provide a means of recognizing different species. The illustrations and characteristics listed below highlight key features that can be used to identify the tracks of many of the animals in the area.

Track References

Alderness Wilderness College
Animal Track ID [PDF]
Elbroch, Mark, 2003 Mammal Tracks and Signs: A Guide to North American Species
Lowery, James, 2013 Tracker’s Field Guide. Falcon Guides
Nature Tracking
North Woods Guides
Outdoor Action

Subject Area Experts (all guides)

Steve Cary (butterflies)
Beth Cortright (insects)
Terry Foxx (invasive plants)
Leslie Hansen (mammals)
Richard Hansen (fish, mammals)
Dorothy Hoard (butterflies, trees)
Chick Keller (flowers, herbarium)
Shari Kelley (geology)
Kirt Kempter (geology)
Garth Tietjen (reptiles)
David Yeamans (birds)

Web Development and Content Management

Pat Bacha
Jennifer Macke
Graham Mark
Akkana Peck


Please contact us for local nature questions and sightings. We welcome comments, corrections, and additions to our guides.

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Showing 1 of 29 tracks.
Grouse and Quail

Drawn based upon US Geological Society image

Grouse and Quail

Photo: J. Erxleben

Grouse and Quail

Photo: Kim A. Cabrera

Grouse and Quail

(Dendragapus spp., Callipepla spp.)

Family: Phasianidae, Odeontophori (Grouse, Quail, and Allies)

Gait: walk
Form: small claws; long toes

Foot: 4 toes; 1.4 in (3.6 cm) - 2.0 in (5.1 cm)

The toe pointing backward is relatively short and may not register. The toes are wide and the claws can appear as attached. Grouse tracks are more distinctive than quail, appearing bumpier due to a fringe of scales.

Scat consists of light to dark brown pellets, often with a white nitrogenous covering.

Bird Guide - Grouse and Quail